In response to the persistent challenges facing post-earthquake housing reconstruction of heritage areas, such as rapid damage assessment, buildings’ replacement and replica-leading to displaced population and heritage loss, the project will develop a novel approach using state-of-the-art LiDAR technologies. It is a fast, affordable and scalable method to break the unsustainable cycle of buildings’ replacement and subsequent heritage erasure. The aim is to build future resilience and local capacity of seismic-prone heritage areas of India by offering a digital platform to enable the design of mitigation and re-construction plans, damage and technical assessments, enhancing the re-use and repair of housing and virtually preserving its culture embedded as the record of ‘living heritage’.
Despite the recurrence of earthquakes, responses are usually triggered afterwards, lacking mitigation strategies to diminish risks. Damaged dwellings cannot be immediately reinforced to continue inhabitation; generating disruption. Repairs are usually costly and large numbers of affected constructions make damage assessment difficult, leading to slow and sometimes out-of-context responses. After earthquakes, heritage is not often a priority and is usually left in stand-by mode until specific solutions are developed. This may take several years, as occurred with the historic centre of L’Aquila after the 2009 earthquake; the heritage area of Amandola after the 2016 earthquake – both in Italy; or Zúñiga after the 2010 earthquake in Chile. In India, after the 1993 and 2001 earthquakes, some heritage villages were destroyed and their population was relocated (Jigyasu 2002), implying the forced displacement of people and communities.
Through this research project, we will address heritage conservation and humanitarian response by developing a sustainable method named as re-construction (Devilat 2013), in historical villages in the seismic region of Gujarat, India. By bringing past insights from her previous research experience of post-earthquake strategies for Chilean heritage areas, the aim is to exploit new uses of technology to enhance the number and quality of buildings conserved, mitigate future risks to buildings and human lives, and further impact public policies.
Phases 1 and 2 of this project have been funded by the UKRI Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) and the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS). Project Reference: AH/V00638X/1. More details here: https://gtr.ukri.org/projects?ref=AH%2FV00638X%2F1
A parallel training project called ‘Surveying heritage buildings in Ahmedabad, India: Empowering local action and skills for heritage conservation’ is complementing this research via providing access to the 3D-laser-scanning technology and training of its use for documenting built heritage, supported by GCRF NTU internal funds.
For Phase 3 of this project, a Follow-on funding was obtained in 2023, titled: ‘Applicability and scalability of a sustainable re-construction framework for seismic-prone heritage areas of Gujarat, India’ , funded by the UKRI Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) and the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS). Project Reference: AH/X006832/1. More details: https://gtr.ukri.org/projects?ref=AH%2FX006832%2F1
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